The Dance Theatre of Kurt Jooss

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Choreographed in , between two great conflicts, The Green Table is a sort of generic war, a set of circumstances that produce the same result no matter where or when they are played out. So Death bears the combined iconographic attributes. In , looking out through the thickening hedges of Nazism, Jooss takes a less visionary path. Jooss dramatizes the way destructive impulses are released, and shows us the consequences.

His moral position is unimpeachable, and he drives home his lesson in a series of stark images. No decisive action, change, or resolution is suggested, and in framing the Dance of Death with the stalemated parentheses of a diplomatic conference, Jooss seems to say none can be expected.

The expressionists found the Dance of Death. In , whilst in England Jooss added new works to his repertoire, including Pandora , contained disturbing images of human disaster and tragedy , which was later interpreted by some as foretelling the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan a year later. Jooss left England in to return to Essen, Germany. Jooss continued to teach and choreograph for 19 years. One of his students from this period was the choreographer Pina Bausch.

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He retired in and died in Heilbronn , West Germany, 11 years later, aged 78, from injuries sustained in an automobile accident. Kurt Jooss works are still performed today, especially The Green Table.

Dance Of The Arts

Anna Markard Jooss' daughter supervised companies that perform his works until her death, conserving authenticity of the author of Dance Theatre. Dartington Hall Dartington Hall in Dartington , near Totnes , England , is a country estate, the headquarters of the Dartington Hall Trust, a charity specialising in the arts, social justice and sustainability. The estate dates from medieaval times; the Trust runs 16 charitable programmes, including Schumacher College and the Dartington International Summer School. In addition to developing and promoting arts and educational programmes, the Trust hosts other groups and acts as a venue for retreats; the hall itself is a Grade I listed building.

It was held by the Martin family between the early 12th and mid 14th centuries but on the death of Lord William Martin in , the Barony of Martin fell in abeyance ; the medieval hall was built between and for John Holand, Earl of Huntingdon , half-brother to Richard II. The Champernowne family lived in the Hall for years until The hall was derelict by the time it was bought by Leonard and Dorothy Elmhirst in , they commissioned architect William Weir to renovate the buildings and restored the Great Hall's hammerbeam roof.

Inspired by a long association with Rabindranath Tagore's Shantiniketan , where Tagore was trying to introduce progressive education and rural reconstruction into a tribal community, they set out on a similar goal for the depressed agricultural economy in rural England. In , the Dartington Hall Trust, a registered charity, was set up in order to run the estate; the estate comprises various schools and charitable and commercial organisations, including Schumacher College, the Arts at Dartington, the Dartington International Summer School of music, Research in Practice, Dartington School for Social Entrepreneurs and the Shops at Dartington.

In North Devon , the Beaford Centre , set up as an arts centre by the Trust in the s to bring employment and culture to a rurally depressed area, continues to thrive.

the green table

Until June , prior to the college's contentious merger with University College Falmouth , the estate was home to Dartington College of Arts. The Hall and medieval courtyard functions in part as a conference centre and wedding venue and provides bed and breakfast accommodation for people attending courses and for casual visitors; the Barn Cinema and the White Hart Bar and Restaurant are used by estate dwellers, residents from the surrounding countryside, visitors alike.

High Cross House was built in as a home for the headmaster of Dartington Hall school, by art patrons Leonard and Dorothy Elmhirst, it was designed by Swiss-American architect William Lescaze and is now regarded as an important modernist building. The sale generated some criticism from local people, who voiced concerns about deaccessioning of the Trust's art assets.

The Trust argued that the founders went to considerable lengths to make clear that art works and other assets could and should be used and sold at the discretion of the Trustees to support the activities of the Trust. Participants, both amateur musicians and advanced students, spend the daytime studying a variety of different musical courses, the evenings attending concerts.

In addition to instrumental and vocal masterclasses, there are courses at various levels on subjects such as composition, chamber music and improvisation. Courses include choirs, individual masterclasses, non classical music such as Jazz and Gamelan. The gardens were created by Dorothy Elmhirst with the involvement of major landscape designers Beatrix Farrand and Percy Cane and feature a tiltyard and major sculptures, including examples by Henry Moore , Willi Soukop and Peter Randall-Page.

There is an ancient yew tree reputed to be nearly years old and rumour has it that Knights Templar are buried in the graveyard there, although there is no evidence to substantiate this. Dartington Hall School , founded in , offered a progressive coeducational boarding life; when it started there was a minimum of formal classroom activity and the children learned by involvement in estate activities. It was to have "indeed no punishment at all.

A noted alumnus was Lord Young , a founder of Which? Lucian Freud attended the school for two years and his brother Clement Freud was a pupil there. With an area of Aalen is situated on the upper reaches of the river Kocher , at the foot of the Swabian Jura which lies to the south and south-east, close to the hilly landscapes of the Ellwangen Hills to the north and the Welland to the north-west; the west of Aalen's territory is on the foreland of the eastern Swabian Jura, the north and north-west is on the Swabian-Franconian Forest , both being part of the Swabian Keuper-Lias Plains.

The Kocher enters the town's territory from Oberkochen to the south, crosses the district of Unterkochen enters the town centre, where the Aal flows into it; the Aal is a small river located only within the town's territory. Aalen's territory ranges over all lithostratigraphic groups of the South German Jurassic : Aalen's south and the Flexner massif are on top of the White Jurassic , the town centre is on the Brown Jurassic , a part of Wasseralfingen is on the Black Jurassic.

The Experience Theater choreographed by Pina Bausch

As a result, the town advertises itself as a "Geologist's Mecca ". Most parts of the territory are on the Opalinuston-Formation of the Aalenian subdivision of the Jurassic Period , named after Aalen. On the Sandberg, the Schnaitberg and the Schradenberg hills, all in the west of Aalen, the Eisensandstein formation emerges to the surface. On the other hills of the city, sands and residual rubble prevail; the historic centre of Aalen and the other areas in the Kocher valley are founded on holocenic floodplain loam and riverbed gravel that have filled in the valley.

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Most parts of Dewangen and Fachsenfeld are founded on formations of Jurensismergel, Posidonienschiefer, Amaltheenton and Obtususton moving from south to north, all belonging to the Jurassic and being rich in fossils, they are at last followed by the Trossingen Formation belonging to the Late Triassic. Until iron ore was mined on the Braunenberg hill.. The maximum extent of the town's territory amounts to 18 kilometres in a north-south dimension and 25 kilometres in an east-west dimension.

The area is 14, The town centre itself and the merged former municipalities consist of numerous villages separated by open ground from each other and having their own independent and long-standing history. Some however have been created as planned communities, which were given proper names, but no well-defined borders.

He is considered as one of the pioneers of modern dance in Europe as the " Founding Father of the Expressionist Dance " in Germany , his work laid the foundations for Laban Movement Analysis , other more specific developments in dance notation and the evolution of many varieties of Laban Movement Study. He is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of dance.

Rudolf Laban was born in Pozsony in in the Kingdom of Hungary , Austro-Hungarian Empire, into an aristocratic family, his father's family had come from the French nobility and Hungarian nobility, his mother's family was from France. His father was a field marshal of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the governor of the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina , he spent his childhood in the courtly circles of Vienna and Bratislava, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the towns of Sarajevo and Mostar. During his stay in Paris, Laban became interested in the relationship between the moving human form and the space which surrounds it.

One of his great contributions to dance was his publication of Kinetographie Laban, a dance notation system that came to be called Labanotation and is still used as one of the primary movement notation systems in dance, his theories of choreography and movement are now foundations of modern dance notation. They were applied in other fields, including cultural studies, leadership development, non-verbal communication theory.

Laban developed the art of movement choir, wherein large numbers of people move together in some choreographed manner, but that can include personal expression. This aspect of his work was related to his personal spiritual beliefs, based on a combination of Victorian theosophy and popular fin de siecle Hermeticism. Laban had founded a summer dance program in Ascona in , which continued until , when World War I broke out.

From to he was director of the Allied State Theatres in Germany. In , he was promoted in Nazi Germany , he directed major festivals of dance under the funding of Joseph Goebbels ' propaganda ministry from Laban wrote during this time that "we want to dedicate our means of expression and the articulation of our power to the service of the great tasks of our Volk. In Laban become the chairman of the association "German workshops for dance" and received a salary of RM per month, but a duodenal ulcer in August of that year bed bound him for two months leading him to ask to reduce his responsibilities to consultancy; this was accepted and his wage reduced to RM, his employment ran until March when his contract ended.

Several allegations of Laban's attachment to Nazi ideology have been made, for instance that as early as July he was removing all pupils branded as non-Aryans from the children's course he was running as a ballet director. However, some Laban scholars have pointed out that such words and actions were necessary for survival in Germany at that time, that his position was precarious as he was neither a German citizen nor a Nazi party member.

His work under the Nazi regime culminated in with Goebbel's banning of Vom Tauwind und der Neuen Freude for not furthering the Nazi agenda.

Folkwang Hochschule Essen

He was allowed to travel to Paris in and from there he went to England , he joined the Jooss-Leeder Dance School at Dartington Hall in the county of Devon where innovative dance was being taught by other refugees from Germany. He was assisted in his dance teaching during these years by his close associate and long-term partner Lisa Ullmann , their collaboration led to the founding of the Laban Art of Movement Guild in and the Art of Movement Studio in Manchester in Laban was a friend of Josef Pilates.

In , he published a book Effort, Fordistic study of the time taken to perform tasks in the workplace and the energy used, he tried to provide methods intended to help workers to eliminate "shadow movements" and to focus instead on constructive movements necessary to the job in hand. He published Modern Educational Dance in when his ideas on dance for all incl. Devon Devon known as Devonshire, its common and official name, is a county of England , reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

It is part of South West England , bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the north east, Dorset to the east; the city of Exeter is the county town. Plymouth and Torbay are each geographically part of Devon, but are administered as unitary authorities. Combined as a ceremonial county , Devon's area is 6, km2 and its population is about 1. Devon derives its name from Dumnonia. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England.

Folkwang University of the Arts faculty

The north and south coasts of Devon each have both cliffs and sandy shores, the county's bays contain seaside resorts, fishing towns, ports; the inland terrain is rural and hilly, has a lower population density than many other parts of England. Dartmoor is the largest open space in southern England, at km2. To the north of Dartmoor are the Culm Measures and Exmoor.

In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, drained by rivers including the Exe, the Culm , the Teign, the Dart, the Otter; as well as agriculture, much of the economy of Devon is based on tourism. William Camden , in his edition of Britannia, described Devon as being one part of an older, wider country that once included Cornwall: THAT region which, according to the Geographers, is the first of all Britaine, growing straiter still and narrower, shooteth out farthest into the West, was in antient time inhabited by those Britans whom Solinus called Dumnonii, Ptolomee Damnonii For their habitation all over this Countrey is somewhat low and in valleys, which manner of dwelling is called in the British tongue Dan-munith, in which sense the Province next adjoyning in like respect is at this day named by the Britans Duffneit, to say, Low valleys, but the Country of this nation is at this day divided into two parts, knowen by names of Cornwall and Denshire, The term "Devon" is used for everyday purposes e.

One erroneous theory is that the "shire" suffix is due to a mistake in the making of the original letters patent for the Duke of Devonshire , resident in Derbyshire. However, there are references to "Defenascire" in Anglo-Saxon texts from before AD, which translates to modern English as "Devonshire"; the term Devonshire may have originated around the 8th century, when it changed from Dumnonia to Defenascir.